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June 2006
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 In This Issue:

Master Gardener Merchandise
Updates for the Membership Book
Upcoming Events
Welcome 2006 MG Interns
Member News
From the Presidentís Desk
Earn Education Hours with Sycamore Land Trust
Leaf-Spotting Diseases
2006 Purdue MG State Conference
June Garden Calendar
MG Volunteer Hours: What Counts?
Gouty Vein Gall
Turf Tip from Purdue
White River Gardens
Summer House Plant Care
Home Landscaping Short Course
Invasive Plant Control for Landowners
Controlling Grubs
ID Toxic Plants
Volunteer Opportunities
2006 Board Members

Special Offer until July 3, 2006!

MG merchandise is available on sale on the Purdue webpage, and on our MCMGA website. Find complete information on the merchandise and the order form on either site. Order forms also are available at the Extension Office. Orders must be received by July 3, 2006, and orders will be shipped during the first week of August.

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Special Notice - Please print the following information and add it to your membership book.

The following information was not available when the 2006 Master Gardener Membership Guide was printed. Please add this information to your membership book.

Carol Reynolds
459 W. Hillside Ave
Spencer, IN 47460

Mona Visnius
2001 Arden Dr.
Bloomington, IN 47401

Gearld Fenner
3035 Ramble Rd. W.
Bloomington, IN 47408

Dedaimia Whitney
3035 Ramble Rd. W.
Bloomington, IN 47408

Carl J. Hand
5500 E. Hacker Creek Rd.
Martinsville, IN 46151

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 Upcoming Events

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Welcome 2006 Master Gardener Interns

On Tuesday evening, May 23, members of the new intern class received their certificates and officially became Master Gardener interns. The following received recognition as 2006 Master Gardener Interns:

Cindy Benson
Susan Brackney
Jennifer Cook
Al Cooper
Jeanie Cox
Kate Cruikshank
Bill Elliott
Millicent Elliot
Elizabeth Fuller
Jackie Gilkey
Pat Harris
Jerry Harstock
Matt Hazel
Cherie Jo
Marni Karaffa
Cindy Lewis
Jennifer Mickel
Becky Nyberg
Susan Osborne
Joe Phillips
Betsy Sabga
Kaylie Scherer
Kim Scherer
Kennon Smith
Vicky St. Myers
Marsha Trowbridge
Olga Zai

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Member News
by Nancy White

May General Meeting Held at Karst Farm Park

Congratulations to the 2006 Intern Class who were introduced to the members on May 23 at the Karst Farm Commons Area. Interns who were able to attend received their MG certificates of class completion and a congratulatory potted flower from the membership. Amy Thompson, Extension Educator, spoke to the group about volunteer possibilities and President Marilyn Brinley extended a welcome to the Monroe County Master Gardeners Association.

Upcoming programs were announced, and refreshments were served by the committee, Carol Cobine, Dale Calabrese, Barb Cappy, Ann McEndarfer, Nancy White, Joyce Peden, and Larime Wilson. Many thanks also to Irvin Shelton who assisted with physical arrangements.

The annual plant swap completed an enjoyable evening for about 50 interns, family members, and Master Gardeners.

Field Trips Planned

There are still a few spots available for the June and August field trips. Member spouses are welcome to join us if space is available. Be sure to contact Ann McEndarfer or Nancy White if you want to be contacted for the trips. Those who registered earlier do not need to make another contact.  Summer trips are as follows:

Volunteer Update

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From the Presidentís Desk
by Marilyn Brinley

In speaking with some of our members at our May general meeting, I was struck with an interesting idea. My garden is on our Master Gardener garden tour set for June 17, and already I found myself apologizing in advance for the (to me) sorry state of my garden. More than one person pointed out, though, that we gardeners tend to be hardest on our own creations. In thinking about this, I realized that we see everything that is out of place, every plant that needs tending to, and every weed that has escaped plucking. But even more than that, I believe that we constantly compare the ideal vision that resides in our mind with the reality that is our garden. 

 So, too, it might be argued that we ourselves continually fall short of our ideals. Are we missing opportunities to help others grow? Are we doing all that we can to help ourselves grow? I know only too well how difficult, and indeed, how uncomfortable it can be to push out beyond oneís comfort zone, to push the boundaries that define oneís life. And yet, it has been in precisely those instances when I have experienced the greatest personal growth in my own life. 

 In regard to my garden, it is only when I take the spade to the ground that the garden can grow and advance toward my mindís ideal. How appropriate then that it is only when I chip away at long-held preconceptions that I can grow as a Master Gardener. In the meantime, I will continue to dream of what my garden could be and think of how I can get from here to there. I suppose we wouldnít be gardeners and dreamers if our gardens yet matched our vision. So in that vein, I will strive to continue to grow not only as a gardener, but also as a Master Gardener. I invite you all along for the ride.

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Earn Education Hours at Sycamore Land Trust Hikes

Sycamore Land Trust is hosting hikes in June and July. All hikes are free of charge and relatively easy, not rigorous. For most of these events, participants should bring lunch, sunscreen, and insect repellent. More information about each event is on the calendar page of SLTís website,

Saturday, June 24, starting at 12:30 p.m., SLT Environmental Education Coordinator Carroll Ritter will lead a hike at The Cedars, southwestern Monroe County, near Harrodsburg. This will be the inaugural outing on our newly cleared nature trail, especially for SLT members and donors to WTIU's 2006 fund drive, with which SLT volunteers helped taking pledges by phone, but all are welcome. Light refreshments will be provided. For more information and to sign up, call 812-336-5382 or e-mail

Saturday, July 1, starting at 10:30 a.m., all are invited to an informative partnership event hosted by SLT and Bloomington Parks and Recreation called "Invasives! Aliens!" Hikers will learn about invasive species and threats to the ecology of Lake Griffy. Then, for about two hours (stay as long as you like), many will help with a work project. For more information and to sign up, call 812-336-5382 or e-mail

Monday, July 10, starting at 10 a.m., SLT will sponsor a Flower Farm Family Picnic at Hart Farm, in McVille, Greene County, especially for families with children ages 5-12, but all ages are welcome. Attendees will learn about growing flowers, hike briefly in woods, and enjoy lunch in a shady barn. Space is limited to 20 participants. For more information and to sign up, call 812-336-5382 or e-mail

Contacts: Erin Hollinden, Outreach Coordinator  (812) 336-5382; Christian Freitag, Executive Director (812) 336-5382; website:

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Leaf-spotting Diseases Flourish with Rain
By Gail Ruhl, Sr. Plant Disease Diagnostician, Purdue University

Anthracnose has been diagnosed on a number of different shade trees, including sycamore, oak and ash. We also frequently see anthracnose on maple, walnut, birch and dogwood trees. Dogwood anthracnose can be quite serious due to the development of girdling trunk cankers.

Anthracnose requires cool, wet conditions for infection. Succulent new growth is most susceptible. Older leaves, drier conditions, and warm temperatures usually discourage further disease development.

Symptoms of anthracnose include brown to black leaf spots, brown to black blotches, and sometimes (as with sycamore anthracnose) stem cankers and death of entire, young leaves. Anthracnose of shade trees is usually worse in the lower or inner canopy of the tree where leaves stay moist longer.

Even though defoliation may occur, long term affects on tree health are minimal for vigorous trees. Fungicides are not usually recommended for these early anthracnose diseases of shade trees, with the exception of dogwood anthracnose (BP-48, Dogwood Anthracnose). Spring fertilization following defoliation will help trees push out a second flush of growth (HO-140, Fertilizing Woody Plant). It is also important to water these trees during periods of drought stress this summer.

For more information, refer to BP-9, Anthracnose of Shade Trees.

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2006 Purdue Master Gardener State Conference
September 22-23, 2006 Noblesville, Indiana

The Hamilton County Master Gardener Association is proud to host the 2006 Purdue Master Gardener State Conference, September 22-23, 2006 at the Hamilton County 4-H Fairgrounds in Noblesville, IN. Noblesville is located in the heart of central Indiana, with great public gardens, fabulous shopping, and one-of-a-kind museums all located nearby.

The event will include an awards banquet, a 'CSI for Master Gardeners' murder mystery workshop and two full days of educational fun; featuring keynote speaker Allan Armitage, well known author, lecturer and professor of horticulture at the University of Georgia. The cost is $95 for two days, meals included plus an extra $20 for the 'CSI for Master Gardeners' Friday morning workshop, lunch included. In addition, a "Saturday only" option featuring Allan Armitage for 80 dollars will be available. We'll see you there! Registration information will be available at a later date.

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June Garden Calendar
By B. Rosie Lerner, Purdue Extension Consumer Horticulturist

Home (Houseplants and indoor activities)

Yard (Lawns, woody ornamentals and fruits)

Garden (Vegetables, small fruits and flowers)

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Master Gardener Volunteer Hours: What Counts?

Counts towards Volunteer Hours:

1. Giving presentation to local service club about preparing garden for planting. Volunteer credit will be given for educational activities related to home horticulture such as gardening, landscaping, and lawn care.
2. Answering questions from general public at a Master Gardener booth at the County Fair.
3. Teaching a session for the next Master Gardener Intern Class.
4. Acting as a tour guide at local nature center or other public garden.
As long as it is clear from the start that the volunteer is identified as a Master Gardener while on duty and is not paid for the work.
5. Preparation and travel time for presentation to local garden club.
6. Providing gardening information "over the back fence" to neighbors, friends, and relatives.
Volunteer credit will be given for educational efforts, but not for physical labor such as soil prep, planting, or maintenance
7. Assisting MG Coordinator with gardening class or event.
Volunteer credit will be given, including administrative and clerical assistance such as making copies, assembling handouts, and helping with setup/teardown. The end result is an educational activity.
8. Time spent serving as MG association officer or committee chair.
Volunteer credit will be granted as these activities support the educational efforts.

Volunteer Hours if Revised:

1. Provide labor for local community beautification project. While community beautification is admirable, the goal of the MG program is education and every effort should be made to make this project and educational opportunity. Make it a demo garden with signage/labeling, or train and supervise a group of other volunteers such as scouts or community service "road crew"
2. Installing landscapes for local not-for-profit or other community groups.
This activity should be made into an educational opportunity, not merely free labor!
3. Pulling weeds in one's own garden to prepare for a garden tour or other educational event.
Credit may be granted for time spent above and beyond routine maintenance if event is an approved MG project.
4. MG class participant turns in 30 volunteer hours during the training series.
Volunteer hours will only be credited after the participant has completed training and passed the exam, except for limited pre-approved supervised activities.

No Credit Volunteer Hours:

1. Answering customer question while on the job at Joe's Garden Center as a paid employee. Volunteer work must be unpaid (possible credit if unpaid AND pre-approved.)
2. Making pest control recommendations for commercial green grower.
Master gardeners are only to advise regarding home gardening, NOT commercial clientele. All commercial growers should be referred to the appropriate Purdue Extension Staff
3. Accepting fee for judging 4-H garden projects at County Fair.
Volunteer may not accept judging fee as personal income, however may accept travel expenses.

Educational Hours for Credit:

1. Attending gardening symposium at Missouri Botanic Garden, and other appropriate trainings. Educational activity will be credited as educational hours for time spent in the activity, not to include travel.

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Got Galls? -- Gouty Vein Gall, That Is
by Amy Thompson

A Bloomington resident recently called the office with a description of brown spots on her maple. From that description and the environmental conditions weíve had recently, I assumed the brown spots were caused by anthracnose, a fungal disease common in a spring with wet weather.

When the resident brought in the sample, I was instead surprised to see maple gall which I have never seen before Ė Gouty Vein gall. Gouty vein gall midge spends the winter as full grown larvae in the ground and leaf litter under their host sugar maples. In late January into early March, these larvae spin small white cocoons in which to pupate. The pupae rest until April and early May when the gnat-like adults emerge. These midges have black wings and heads, but the body appears reddish from the eggs inside. Each female may lay up to 100 eggs among the leaf hairs on the lower leaf surfaces of expanding leaves.

The tiny, maggot-like larvae hatch in a couple of days, and they migrate to the leaf upper surface. Here they line up in small groups along the major leaf veins. At these congregation points, the leaves swell and the vein edges fold over to form the galls. Within a few days the galls are fully formed. The larvae feed within the protection of the gall until October. At this time the galls dry and a slit-like opening is formed. The mature larvae drop to the soil to seek shelter.

Since these leaf galls of maple do not cause any real harm to the trees, control measures are not generally needed. Tree owners and tree managers are encouraged to learn about the life cycles of these pests and learn that no lasting damage will result. For more information on maple galls check out

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Turf Tip from Purdue - Mowing Wet Grass
submitted by Amy Thompson

With the rainy weather lately, it is inevitable that you will have to mow when it is wet. Though we much prefer to mow when the grass is dry, it is better to mow when wet rather than waiting until the grass is dry but grown to eight inches tall. A couple of pointers for mowing wet grass:

1. Sharpen the blade before mowing (like knives, a mower blade can never be too sharp)
2. Set the mower as high as possible
3. Remove mulching attachments in favor of side-discharge
4. Mow so the grass is discharged onto the already mown area
5. Mow as often as possible to break up the clumps from earlier mowings. "Double-mowing" or mowing twice in the same day dramatically helps to break up the clippings.
6. In the worse case, bag the clippings and use as mulch or compost

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White River Gardens
by Nancy White

Some of us will be visiting White River Gardens and Conservatory this August for one of field trips. If you are not familiar with this Indianapolis attraction, White River Gardens occupies a 3.3 acre park in downtown Indianapolis that combines gardens, plant information, and inspiring landscape design. The Hilbert Conservatory is the site of the annual butterfly exhibit in the summer and the poinsettia show in December, among other special events. The Dick Crum Resource Center is also located at the conservatory, which offers garden tips, resource materials, and a chance to talk to Marion County Master Gardeners who answer gardening questions.

 Within the garden is the DeHaan Tiergarten which consists of a variety of gardens highlighting five elements: a design garden with unique themes, a shade garden, a sun garden with a stream, a water garden, and a wedding garden. The entrance to the White River Gardens features Midwestern Panorama, a 360 degree mural depicting gardening themes that is one of the most important pieces of public art in the state. Other art experiences in the garden include fonts, limestone sculptures, and bronze garden critters. Be sure the make White River Gardens a destination for you sometime this summer. Visit the website at for more information.

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Summer Houseplant Care
by B. Rosie Lerner, Purdue Extension Consumer Horticulturist

As temperatures warm up in late spring, many home gardeners move houseplants to outdoor living areas such as porches, patios, and sunrooms. Most indoor plants can flourish outside if given proper attention.

First, have the patience to wait until temperatures are dependably warm. Most houseplant species originated in the tropics and are sensitive to temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Be prepared to bring the plants back indoors on cool nights. Gradually acclimate the plants by moving them outdoors for a few hours daily before letting them spend full-time in their new digs.

Although a given plant may require full sun indoors, houseplants outdoors should receive no more than a half-day of morning sun. Afternoon sun will likely be too strong. Overexposing the tender leaves to the strong summer sun will result in sunburn, turning the leaves yellow or white and eventually brown. Most houseplants will do just fine in a shady northern exposure.

Another point to keep in mind is that plants outdoors are exposed to much greater wind which translates into watering more often to prevent the plants from wilting. Also, most plants will grow faster outdoors, which also contributes to a greater need for both water and fertilizer.

Keep an eye on the plants for disease and especially insects. Many houseplant pests are picked up while the plants are outdoors for the summer. Give the plants a thorough inspection and cleaning before returning them indoors in the fall. An insecticidal soap or other insecticide product may be needed to avoid contaminating other indoor plants. Make sure the product is labeled for the specific pest you're trying to control and for your particular type of plant.

And don't be surprised if your plants drop considerable numbers of leaves when you bring them back indoors next fall. Many plants will drop their leaves in response to the drastic decrease in light indoors and then grow new leaves that are better acclimated to low light.

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Home Landscaping Short Course

Friday, June 23, 2006 from 9am Ė 9pm
University Inn Conference Center, West Lafayette
Cost: $80 (lunch included)
Registration deadline: June 15, 2006

This is a last chance opportunity to have Greg Pierceall teach Home Landscaping before he retires from Purdue. There will also be several other great speakers from Purdue including Paul Siciliano, Matthew Kirkwood, and Mary Welch-Keesey. It is open to Master Gardeners and to the general public. Contact the extension office or visit the Purdue Master Gardener webpage for registration info

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Fighting Back: Invasive Plant Control for Landowners

Monroe County Public Library - Bloomington in the Auditorium
Tuesday, June 13 at 7 pm
Sponsored by the South Central Chapter of the Indiana Native Plant and Wildflower Society

Is your woods a sea of garlic mustard? Is Japanese honeysuckle twining its way over all the other plants in your yard? Has Asian bush honeysuckle taken over your landscaping? Fight back! These invasive plants and others like them do not know how to share and are gradually taking over our lands and eliminating our native plants and animals. Come hear how you can control these species in a 1 1/2 hour talk by Ellen Jacquart of The Nature Conservancy. She will share tips, tricks, and tools on how to control invasive plant species without harming other species and give advice on the problems you are facing on your land. For directions, visit RSVP/More Info: Ellen Jacquart at (317) 951-8818 or

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Understanding Life Cycles Is Key to Controlling Grubs
Tim Gibb, Insect Diagnostician, Department of Entomology, Purdue University

 Each spring we receive many calls about grubs as people find them while planting gardens or ornamental beds. These are often large and appear menacing; however, do not let their appearance cause you to worry, panic or run out to buy an insecticide to annihilate these sinister creatures. These grubs are not feeding actively so will not cause serious damage and are not in the stage where they are susceptible to pesticides.

 Itís important to understand the lifecycle of white grubs before considering control. The large larvae that occur in the springtime are preparing to enter into a pupation stage, preparatory to emerging as adult masked chafer and Japanese beetles.  When they emerge (in June and July) the adults will mate and lay eggs. Eggs hatch from mid-July to early August. Newly hatched grubs are the more serious threat because they feed very actively on roots sometimes causing damage to turfgrass as they grow.


During the fall, when the temperatures cool, the large larvae quit feeding and move down deeper into the soil to pass the winter. As the weather warms again the following spring, the larvae generally move back up to within 1 or 2 inches of the surface where the cycle repeats itself.


It is rare that grubs cause significant damage in gardens or flower beds. Do not be tempted to over react to their presence there. In turfgrass, especially where grabs have caused damage in the past, wait to apply an insecticide until late July or early August to control the feeding larvae. This will give you the best value in grub control for your dollar.


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Know how to ID Toxic Plants
Submitted by Amy Thompson

The Indiana Plants Poisonous to Livestock and Pets site ( allows its database to be searched in these modes:
®       Alphabetical plant listing
       Toxicity rating
       Species affected
       Botanical type
Picture index

This is a great resource with color pictures and lots of information.

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Volunteer Opportunities: A Comprehensive List of Ways to Collect Volunteer Hours
Compiled by Nancy White

 Location: Time: Jobs : Contact:
Hilltop Garden
& Nature Center
year around various Stori Snyder, 855-2799
Templeton School spring/fall  teaching Nancy White, 824-4426
MG Demo Garden seasonal various Lydia Anderson, 825-2961
T. C. Steele SHS seasonal various Steve Doty, 988-2785
Cherylís Garden seasonal various Larime Wilson, 333-9705
Flatwoods Park
Butterfly Garden
seasonal various Cathy Meyer, 349-2800
MCMGA Hort Hotline year around inquiries Amy Thompson, 349-2575
MCMGA Newsletter year around writing, stapling, labeling Helen Hollingsworth
MCMGA Web Site year around various Barb Hays, 332-4032
MG Programs year around plan programs Ann McEndarfer, 334-1801
Nancy White, 824-4426
Middle Way House seasonal various Clara Wilson, 333-7404
Wylie House year around various Sherry Brunoehler, 855-6224
Hospitality House
year around educate seniors Rene Thompson, 353-3000
Mother Hubbardís
year around education Libby Yarnell, 355-6843
Clear Creek School sping-fall education Charlie Hawk, 824-7969
Indiana State Fair August 13, 9 am-9 pm answer questions Preston Gwinn, 876-2999

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2006 Master Gardener Board

    Marilyn Brinley: 824-1318

Vice Presidents:
    Ann McEndarfer:  334-1801
    Nancy White: 824-4426

    Dale Calabrese: 332-3833
    Diana Young: 812-339-0040

    Barbara Cappy: 837-9246
    Mary Hawkins: 824-2139

     Lydia Anderson: 825-2961
     Helen Holllingsworth: 332-7313

State Advisory Committee Representatives:
    Gino Brancolini: 336-1680
    Herman Young:  339-0040

Extension Educator:
Amy Thompson: 349-2575

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